AJES
Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences
 
 
AJES


VOLUME 31: ISSUE 1

CONTENTS YEAR 2017

Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 1-10

 

Neuronal Classes in Different Vertebrates

 

U.C. Srivastava, Sippy Singh and Durgesh Singh

 

Department of Zoology, University of Allahabad, Allahabad

Email: ucsrivastava@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract :  Brain, an essential organ serves to play a pivotal role in the nervous system of all vertebrates and is known to exert centralized control over the other body organs. Brain in all species is primarily composed of two broad classes of cells: neurons and glial cells, where former are usually considered the most important cells. The property that makes neurons unique is their ability to send signals to specific target cells over long distances. The present review showcases the different neuronal classes or types studied in different vertebrates.

 

Key words : Brain, Neuronal classes, Vertebrates.

 

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 11-14

 

Floristic Diversity and Conservation Assessment of Important Species in Baramati - A Rain-shadow Area

 

Rani Bhagat, V. B. Shimpale and R. B. Deshmukh

 

Anantrao Pawar College, Pirangut, Tal-Mulshi, Dist-Pune Pin-413115, Maharashtra, India.
The New College, Kolhapur 416 012, Maharashtra, India.
Shardabai Pawar Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Shardanager Baramati, Dist. Pune 413115 Maharashtra, India.
E-mail : rb_botany@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract : The paper presents the Diversity, Taxonomic Status & Distribution of different taxa found in Baramati tehsil of Pune district in Maharashtra. In addition, it also provides information on conservation requirement of rare species occurring in area under study. The flora is analyzed statistically to compare the previous floristic studies. The consistent extensive and intensive survey for more than six years enlists total of 938 species, 14 subspecies and 42 varieties of angiosperms (including cultivated species) belonging to 577 genera and 136 families. Out of 108 families are of dicotyledons and 28 families are of monocotyledons are present in the region. Despite being arid vegetation, five members of pteridophytes were found to be growing in the region. Flora includes 6 Low Risk (LR) and 11 endemic species of angiosperms. During this investigation one genera and one species is added to the flora of Maharashtra State, while one new speceis is also described from the region which are under serious threat and requires future conservation measures.

 

Key words : Floristic, distinctiveness, conservation, Baramati.

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 15-23

 

Validation of Digenetic Trematodes, Using Molecular Markers, a Case Study of Indian Species of Mesocoelium Odhner, 1911

 

Shailendra Ray, Nirupama Agrawal & K.C. Pandey

 

Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, 226007, India
E-mail : dr_neeru_1954@yahoo.co.in

 

Abstract : Morphological variations in Mesocoelium sociale Odhner, 1911, obtained from Duttaphrynus melanostictus Schneider, 1799 from a water body near Barabanki have been observed. Five Indian species of Mesocoelium viz. M. varunae Baugh 1956, M. thapari Gupta & Jahan, 1976, M. mithiliae Kanth & Srivastava, 1989, M. melanostictii Ratnamala Rao, 1989 and M. asymmetrovitellarius Kumari & Verma, 1992 are considered synonyms of M. sociale. We also doubt inclusion of M. burdwanense Mukherji, 1968 under the genus Mesocoelium. Phylogenetic study, nucleotide composition analysis, evolutionary divergence and multiple sequence alignment, based on partial 28S rDNA, of Mesocoelium sociale and sequences of two species of the genus retrieved from GenBank are also done.

 

Key words: Digenea. Mesocoelium. Taxonomy. Duttaphrynus melanostictus. 28SrDNA

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 25-29

 

Study on Isolation and Characterization of Enterobacteriaceae in Teleost Fishes of Bhopal Lakes

 

Pranjali Borkar , Manju Tembhre , R K Garg

 

Department of Biotechnology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal-462026, M.P., India
M K Ponda College, Bhopal-462038, M.P., India
Centre of Excellence in Biotechnology, M.P. Council of Science and Technology, Vigyan Bhawan, Bhopal-462003, M.P., India
Corresponding author: E-mail: pranju.borkar@gmail.com

 

Abstract :The present study was carried out for the biochemical detection and identification of Enterobacteriaceae from four different teleost fish species collected from five different water bodies of Bhopal viz. Upper Lake, Lower Lake, Shahpura Lake, Sarangpani Lake & Kolar dam in Bhopal region. The four different fish species were selected for the investigation. Catla catla, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala and Tilapia tilapia. represented all water bodies. Enterobacteriaceae were isolated from total 112 samples of intestine and liver from 180 diseased fishes. Morphological and biochemical characterizations in cultured samples were carried out and the bacterial isolates were recovered. Upper Lake had maximum revival from total bacterial isolates. Among the bacterial isolates revived, the most dominant isolates were Citrobacter diversus (40.7) and Klebsiella pneumonie (32.1). Other species collected were Citrobacter fraundii (6.2 ), Citrobacter braakii (1.2), Klebsiella ornithinolytica (7.4), Klebsiella planticola (2.5), Enterobacter clocae (6.2), Enterobacter gergovie (1.2 ), Enterobacter cancerogenous (1.2 ), Yersinia intermedia (1.2 ). Results showed that freshwater fishes in Bhopal lakes have remarkable proportion of enterobacteriaceae and these bacteria constitute a potential risk for fish population and public health.

 

Key words: Enterobacteriaceae, Bhopal Lake, Citrobacter, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Yersinia.

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 31-37

 

Study on Educational Supervision and Guidance at Secondary Schools in Kermanshah Province-Iran

 

Yousef Shahmoradi, Mohammad Amjad Zabardast, Mostafa Ghaderi

 

Department of Training Sciences, Kurdistan, Sanandaj, University of Kurdistan, Iran
Email: y.sh.201049@gmail.com

 

Abstract : Appropriate supervision and guidance at secondary schools are required for the imparting knowledge based education to students. This will help create the reputation of the school/institution, locally, nationally and internationally. The present study is questionnaire based and suggests that the educational supervision and guidance at secondary schools in province are similar/ in accordance with the primary and middle stages of supervision cycle. To improve the status of educational guidance and supervision, the officials and planners at government level in the country are needed to renovate the structural and attitudinal factors by establishing a department/institute in the ministry of education for implement of policies. Decentralization and delegation of powers and financial support is also required for management from top to down organizational levels.

 

Key words:Educational supervision and guidance, Secondary schools, Kermanshah province.

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 39-43

 

Copper and Nickel Extracting Fungi from Low and Lean Grade Ores From Mine Areas of Chhattisgarh

 

Rinu Khan and A.K. Gupta

 

Microbiology Research Laboratory, School of Studies in Life Science,
Pt. Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur- 492010, Chhattisgarh, India
Email: khanrinu@gmail.com

 

Abstract :Bioleaching is most effectual and low cost method of recovery of metals from low and lean grade ores against conventional chemical techniques as it requires less energy inputs for the recovery of small quantities of metal left after physical processing of high grade ores. Four potent fungi belonging to genera Aspergillus and Penicillium were explored for copper and nickel extraction from low and lean grade ores. Aspergillus niger NFCCI- 3303 extracted higher amount of copper and nickel as compared to other three isolated fungi.

 

Key words: Copper, Nickel, Low grade ores, Acid production, Aspergillus, Penicillium

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 45-51

 

Outcomes and Complications of Primary Repair of Extensor Tendons of Hand Injury in Emergency Department: Repair of 269 Tendons in Zone VI

 

Seyed Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh , Seyed Hossein Shaker , Nader Tavakoli , Mohammad Reza Yasinzadeh , Gholamreza Masoumi , Mohsen Abbasi , Simin Najafgholian

 

Department of Emergency medicine, Emergency Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Emergency Medicine, University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Email: d_snaj@hotmail.com

 

Abstract :Introduction: The surface position of the extensor tendons make them susceptible to damage and tear. Repair failure, infection, adhesions and tendon shortening are of the main problems of tendon repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of primary repair of hand extensors tendons.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in patients that admitted for tendons repair in Sina hospital at April 2011 to September 2013. Inclusion criteria: age over 18 years, traumatic laceration, injured tendons in Zone VI and absence of severe damage in other organs. We followed patients for complication and outcome after surgery one week, one month and six month later after repair. Improving the performance of the repaired tendons was evaluated according to Miller Scale.

Results: 269 tendons in 163 patients (140 male, 23 female) were repaired. We use of Kessler method for repair all of tendons. Mean age of patients was 28.18 11.29 years. The most common cause of tendon damage was workplace accident (31.3%) then cutting with knife, cutting with glass and traffic accidents were ranked next. According to Miller scale, the greatest measure of outcome relevant to the "good" group in one week, one month and 6 month follow up after repair.

Conclusion: The study findings showed that the tendon can be repaired as first-line therapy in the emergency department to acceleration for the next treatment. The treatment with regarding few complications and good outcomes for patients can be performed by an emergency medicine specialist.

 

Key words: Tendon repair, hand extensor tendon, Miller Scale, modified Kessler.

 

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Asian J. Exp. Sci., Vol. 31, No. 1, 2017; 53-57

 

Epidemiological Survey of the Attempted Suicide Patients Admitted at Hazrat Rasoul Hospital in Tehran (2007-2011)

 

Seyed Hossein Shaker, Mohammad Hosseini Kasnavieh , Hamed Bassir Ghafouri, Nader Tavakoli, Mohammad Reza Yasinzadeh, Gholamreza Masoum, Mojtaba Chardoli, Hassan Amiri.

 

Department of emergency medicine, Emergency management research center, Iran University of medical sciences, Tehran, Iran. Management Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Corresponding author: Email: mhoseini1346@gmail.com

 

Abstract :Suicide is one of the major problems in the modern world that calls for immediate need for its prevention. This study was an epidemiological survey of the attempted suicide patients admitted at Hazrat Rasoul Hospital in a five-year period from 2007-2011 in Tehran. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data on the 483 attempted suicide cases in 2007-2011 were collected from Hazrat Rasoul Hospital files. The data were gathered with a structured checklist and analyzed with SPSS 16 soft ware. The results ranked of attempted suicide cases as 78.3% with no academic education, 72% below the range of 30 years of age, 64.8% were unmarried, amongst, 51.3% men and 32.9% housewives. Moreover, 40.7% of the cases have the history of mental illnesses with depression and schizophrenia having the highest rate of occurrence. Thirty- three percent of the suicides were attempted at night time, 69% on early weekdays, and 33.4% in winter. The rate of family struggles was the cause amongs 48.9% cases while rate of 24.8% were for psychological disorders. Fifty- seven percent of the cases were due to the consumption or abused tablets. The most common methods of suicide (29.4%) tried to commit suicide by cutting their hand veins. Only 3% of the cases were reported dead. The present study suggests that Young, unmarried people, people with the history of psychological disorders and schizophrenia should be identified and preventive measures should be adopted.

 

Key words: Suicide attempt, mental disorders, unsuccessful Suicide.

 

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AJES